Antonio Padoa-Schioppa

On several occasions over the last few years, the prospect of a reform of the treaties, which seemed to have been put on the back burner after the laborious gestation of the Lisbon Treaty, has regained topicality and has also been called for by several EU governments, including that of Germany, ever since the economic crisis has begun to threaten the very survival of the Euro. The aim of this paper is to lay down guidelines for a future reform that could ensure the stable efficiency and democratic legitimacy both of the Union as a whole and of the core Eurozone countries, as well as that of [...]

Delia Ferri

Since 1957, the European Economic Community (EEC) has undergone profound constitutional changes, dictated by the geographic and functional expansion of the EU, but also by the need to heal its original sin: the “democratic deficit”.

Despite these innovations, the “democratic deficit” still exists as a deficiency with regard to “input legitimacy”, i.e. as a “discrepancy between the pervasive effects of the regulative power of the EU and the weak authorization [...]

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